Blog Archives

All Hail Pumpkin!

Foodie-14-10-1-pumpkinFall is in the air, and you know what that means!


You eat it in muffins, you drink it in latte, you love it! But sometimes it’s just not enough. Are you a serious pumpkin addict? Do you crave even more sweet seasonal goodness? Maybe you don’t like the taste, but you crave something seasonal?

If you’re needing more pumpkin in your life, we have found some fun seasonal suggestions!

Pumpkin Spice Facial Mask

This facial mask from Live Simply is as easy as pumpkin pie!

  • 1/2 cup organic white sugar
  • 1/2 cup organic brown sugar
  • 1/4 cup homemade pumpkin puree
  • 1/2 teaspoon pumpkin pie spice
  • 1/2 teaspoon Vitamin E Oil

Combine the white and brown sugar and pumpkin pie spice, then add in puree and Vitamin E oil. To use, apply a small amount to a clean face and massage gently into your skin. Let it sit for a couple of minutes and then wipe clean with a warm washcloth. You can store the leftover scrub in the fridge and use as often as you wish.

Pumpkin Mani

This cute nail art tutorial from Petite Peinture is an adorable way to celebrate the fall season!


Smokey Pumpkin Eyes

JennisseMakeup on YouTube has a great tutorial for alluringly smokey eyes with a punch of golden orange! Check out how to get this arresting look here!


These are just a few ways to bring the pumpkiny goodness of fall into your look! You could also accessorize with a scarf in a hushed orange hue, or jewelry in citrine, fire opal or orange sapphire! So you can see, even if you don’t partake in the taste of pumpkin, you can still use it to flavor your fall wardrobe.

Seeing Spots

halt_new__32346.1409869161.1280.1280We’ve had several customers ask why they notice light colored spots after tanning or being out in the sun. You should always check with your doctor when you notice a change in your skin, but one of the most common white-patch conditions is called tinea versicolor, sometimes known as “sun spots”. This is a harmless fungal infection which causes pale spots in summer, and sometimes appears as darker spots in winter.

This infection is chronic, and most typically affects people during hot, humid weather like our Oklahoma summers. Some of the things which can exacerbate the problem are steroid use, excessive sweating and tight-fitting clothing.

Tinea versicolor can easily be treated with topical antifungal creams, but it does recur easily. We carry Norvell Halt, a skin treatment which both destroys sun spots and contains a tanning accelerant to help get the faded area up to tone with the surrounding skin. This treatment also contains aloe vera extract, which means it can also be used to cool off a the sting of a sunburn.

Follow the directions on the bottle for the best results. To help combat the infection, you should also change all bedding and nightclothes after treatment to prevent re-exposure. Retreat once a week for about a month, then once a month for the next few months and it will be much less likely to recur. Ask your tanning expert for more information on sun spots, and treatment!

Trick or Treat!

Halloween is Friday the 31st! Is your costume ready? No?! Never fear, we’ve found some great last minute ideas that you can use to make a freaky-fab look.

??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????The Toga

The costume:
Got a flat white bed sheet? Wrap and drape the fabric around your body, pinning the sheet securely in place.

Check out this site for instructions on how to easily create your toga style, if needed.


Accent the look with a sash in a bold, solid color. “Laurels” made of green or gold faux plant greenery and heavy gold jewelry like bangle bracelets enhance your look. Go for the natural look with your makeup for a historical look, or glam it up with shimmer and bold colors for a look worthy of a goddess!




Minion (Despicable Me/Despicable Me 2)

The costume:
A bright yellow shirt, denim overalls or pants, black gloves and a big pair of goggles are all you need to pull this look off.

There are tons of DIY ideas for making the goggles. One of the easiest we’ve seen is making cartoony goggles out of a pair of 3D glasses or sunglasses with this tutorial!

A yellow beanie with black pipe cleaners sticking out like minion hair is a great way to top this costume off. Black shoes are also great for finishing up the look.






Rocket Raccoon (Guardians of the Galaxy)

The costume:
The image at left is just to give you some ideas. You can make your own Rocket costume easily with an orange shirt or vest and matching pair of shorts. Use black masking or electrical tape to make details of the “flight suit”. The tail from a plush raccoon and a headband with ears (either bought or DIY with stuffed animal ears) and you’re done!

Tips: Some artfully applied makeup can give you that adorable masked bandit look. Get some ideas from this page!

Spray paint a BIG water pistol silver, grey or black. Fingerless gloves and vampire teeth falsies are other ideas.


elsaElsa (Frozen)

The costume:
You only need three things to have Elsa’s look: a light blue dress, a sheer train for that dress, and a blond braid.

A couple of yards of sheer fabric and some safety pins are all you need to make that dramatic, flowing train for the back of your dress! Bonus points if the fabric is snowflake-patterned! Sew or glue clear beads or shiny ice-color sequins to your gown and shoes to get that shimmery “ice queen” look. A blonde wig in a loose braid, and you’re done!

Hair pins in the shapes of snowflakes are a great touch for your hairstyle. Elsa’s makeup includes purple eyeshadow, a dash of pink blush, and a berry-color lipstick.




The costume:
Dress up your old party dress with a pair of matching colorful wings!

Get a couple of yards of fabric in a solid color in the base color you want your wings to have. Decide on the size and shape, and trace it before you cut out one. Use this one for a pattern to cut out the second. Treat the edges with No Fray. Use fabric paint to create your wings’ pattern. Be mindful that the paint may go through the fabric! After doing the front and back and allowing them to dry, safety pin your wings to the back of your dress. A loop of ribbon around your finger or wrist will make sure your handiwork is displayed with every movement!

A headband with antennae or a few flowers glued on. Brightly colored makeup to match your look is a must!





The costume:
Maleficent’s iconic look can be replicated using a black dress – preferably long with full sleeves. You could even use a black graduation gown. A cape is optional. Buy or build a set of spooky black horns, and embrace your inner evil diva!

Want to build a quick set of horns? Check out this site for ideas on how to create a pair!

Amp up your look with makeup! Accent your cheekbones with a diagonal line of bronze blush, and apply a smoky look around your eyes. Blood red lipstick completes the look. Grab a prop raven (even a plush one) for your menacing, evil sidekick.


Happy Haunting!

Hemp and Tanning Lotion

Hemp has been in the news a lot lately, but did you know lots of great tanning products include hemp? This is because hemp is actually very beneficial to your skin and your ability to tan!

What is it?

Hemp usually refers to the plant Cannabis sativa. The seeds of this plant produce an oil that has been used in cosmetic products for around 3,000 years. In the modern age, many off-the-shelf lotions are still made with hemp seed oil. Hemp seed oil is a deep penetrating moisturizer, rich in antioxidants. It is used to condition, moisturize and protect the skin, and is believed to help reduce the visibility of fine lines and wrinkles.

What makes it so beneficial?

Here are just a few of the things hemp does to make it a great companion to your tanning session:

  • Hemp oil is an excellent moisturizer, and can help keep your skin hydrated and moist while you tan.
  • Hemp oil also has the ability to draw moisture from the air and lock it in your skin. Great for moisture retention after your tan!
  • Contains the antioxidant Vitamin E, which encourages healthy skin tissue growth
  • Contains Vitamin C, to enhance skin elasticity which evening tone
  • Contains several B vitamins, including B6, which firms the skin
  • Very few people have allergic reactions to hemp oil, making it a safer choice if you’ve had reactions to products in the past.
  • The non-greasy oil also acts as an intensification factor for UV rays thus giving you a darker tan.

 Does it have any side effects?

There are no known occurrences of anyone getting intoxicated or failing drug tests while using lotions with hemp in them. Here’s why: lotions make use of the oil extracted from the seeds, which does not render any psycho-active effects. Conversely, it is the flowering parts of the female plants that contain tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Since there is no THC in the seeds, there’s no danger of failing a drug test because of a tanning lotion! Just ask the FDA!

Hemp-tastic Products!

Here is a sampling of some hemp-enhanced products we sell here at Sundown!

honeydewhemp__35432_zoom__38801Supre Tan

Honey Dew Hemp

Lotion Type: Accellerator

Scent: Honeydew Melon


Product description: This mouthwatering formula is flowing with skin nourishing Organic Hemp Seed Oil and Honey Dew Extracts to revitalize and rejuvenate your skin while powerful tanning maximizers provide deliciously dark results that your skin has been craving for.





Ultra Dark

Lotion Type: Accellerator

Scent: Just Peachy

Paraben-free, Gluten-free and 100% Vegan.

Naturally-derived tanning system with EcoBronze™ technology helps stimulate dark tanning for deeper, richer, more natural-looking results. 100% Pure Natural Hemp Seed Oil hydrates, nourishes and conditions skin, leaving it feeling exceptionally soft, smooth and moist. Natural botanical antioxidants of Green Tea and Pomegranate plus Vitamins A, C and E help protect skin from environmental stress, promoting a more youthful, healthy-looking appearance.



AG_Legally_DarkAustralian Gold

Legally Dark

Lotion Type: Bronzer

Scent: Totally Fruity

Caffeine for toning, 18x color bronzers

Product description: Stand up and show off that gorgeous hue.  Support the right to tan with 18x Color Lover Bronzers that give rich, natural color that will have everyone falling in love.  Indulge your skin with natural Hemp Seed Oil and loaded Skin Softeners for powerful moisturization and silky, soft skin.  A shot of Caffeine will invigorate and firm for color that is sure to outlast the others.  Be dark, be proud and proclaim loudly that you are Legally Dark™!



Untamed_HeartPro Tan

Untamed Heart

Lotion Type: Bronzer

Scent: Jasmine Amber Vanilla

CX2 Skin Firming Complex with Caffeine, L-Carnitine, Coenzyme A & Coenzyme Q

Out of Control Color & Beauty! You’ll love this rich creamy lotion formula with our exclusive Black Bronzing Complex featuring natural Melanin for the deepest, darkest tan.Infused with golden Hemp Seed Oil that helps moisturize the skin while you tan.Plus our CX2 Skin Firming Complex that helps tone and tighten your body leaving you with a gorgeous, silky smooth feeling.






Hot Bronzer

Lotion Type: Tingle

Scent: Just Peachy

Paraben-free, Gluten-free and 100% Vegan.

Ultra Dark DHA bronzing blend allows skin to further darken after UV exposure for a smooth, longer-lasting tan. Hot skin stimulators provide an instant flush of color and tingling sensation to enhance the tanning power. Naturally derived tanning system with EcoBronze™ Technology helps stimulate dark tanning for deeper, richer, more natural-looking results. 100% Pure Natural Hemp Seed Oil hydrates, nourishes and conditions skin, leaving it feeling exceptionally soft, smooth and moist. Natural botanical antioxidants of Green Tea and Pomegranate plus Vitamins A, C and E help protect skin from environmental stress, promoting a more youthful, healthy-looking appearance.



Australian Gold

Hemp Nation Vanilla Pineapple Tan Extending lotion

Lotion type: Extender/After tan moisturizer

Scent: Vanilla Pineapple infusion

THC and Paraben-free!

Product description: Australian Gold’s Hemp Nation™ Vanilla Pineapple Tan Extending Moisturizer is a THC Drug and Paraben-Free product. It is packed with the best skincare ingredients that keep skin healthy and youthful, while deeply hydrating skin and prolonging the life of your tan!





Herbal Body Moisturizer

Lotion type: Extender/After tan moisturizer

Scent: Banana floral

THC, Paraben-free, Gluten-free and 100% vegan

Product description: Hempz Body Moisturizers are enriched with a blend of 100% Pure Natural Hemp Seed Oil, powerful antioxidants, natural herbal extracts and Vitamins A, C and E to deliver anti-inflammatory and anti-aging properties and provide dramatic skin hydration and nourishment for all skin types. Shea Butter and Ginseng soothe and calm skin and minimize fine lines and wrinkles. Prevent free radical damage and improve the health and condition of skin with Hempz Herbal Body Moisturizers.



Some information from this article comes from,,, and product pages. 

Legs: How to Tan Them


The question is asked time and time again:

“Why won’t my legs get tan?!” 

Legs are notoriously hard to tan, but the reasons why are pretty simple.


Every time you shave your legs, you exfoliate the top layers of skin. The more you shave, the faster you exfoliate and lose the outer layers of tanned skin. Check the label of your shaving creme, it could have an SPF factor that is interfering with the tanning process. Another culprit of drying out your skin is clothing. Friction from jeans and other rough fabrics chafes your skin and pulls moisture away from you. Even your bath could be contributing to your dry skin if you use a bar soap!

What to do about it:

Keep your skin very well moisturized, and use a high quality replenishing body wash that is made especially for tanning. These tanner-friendly bath products are milder, more moisturizing and less abrasive than the products you may currently be using. Another, very simple thing to do is to shave your legs the evening before you go tanning, instead of waiting until afterwards, and you should experience less color loss. Applying an indoor tanning lotion could be the single most important thing you do to encourage your legs to be receptive to light and take on color. If your skin is too dry, the first several minutes of your tan time are basically being wasted! Apply an after-tanning moisturizer (sometimes called an extender) after your session, and any time you moisturize at home.


The Wrong Lotions

Not all lotion is created equal. Lotions formulated for indoor tanning are very different from those sold for tanning outdoors. Take a good look at the products you are using, and make sure you’re using them correctly. Outdoor tanning lotions are made for long term exposure to the sun, and will often contain SPF ingredients that will block light. Another problem you may experience is using the wrong sort of moisturizer after you tan. A bath shop or drug store lotion can actually hinder the tanning process, since these lotions tend to be thick and can clog pores. Several of these lotions also include skin whitening ingredients! That’s not going to help you tan!

What to do about it:

If you’ve been using an outdoor formula lotion during your indoor tanning sessions, try switching to a packet of indoor lotion for your next couple of visits. You’ll probably see more dramatic results! As we mentioned above, moisturizing lotion formulated for after-tanning can extend the life of your tan and help keep your legs receptive to taking on color. We offer several lotions made especially for legs from such brands as Sweet & Sexy and Snooki by Supre. Additionally, if you are using a “salon lotion” that you bought elsewhere, you run the risk of buying old, recalled, watered-down or otherwise contaminated product. Buy your lotion from someone you can trust!


Bad Circulation

If you have poor or underperforming circulation, you may notice that your legs take a looooong time to tan. Do you tan easily on your thighs, but your color fades away as it gets further from the core of your body? If so, you may have found your problem. If you are using a product that has mineral oil or petroleum products in it, that may also interfere with the tanning process by preventing your skin’s natural respiratory process.

What to do about it:

Try alternating your regular tanning lotion with one that has a tingle factor. Start out with one that has a minor tingle, and see how that helps first. Tingles stimulate micro-circulation in your skin, which helps color develop. Avoid daily moisturizers or other products that include mineral oil or petroleum products as an ingredient.


If all else fails

If you’re still having trouble getting your gams glamorous, don’t despair! Bronzing lotions, which give you noticeably darker results immediately with pigments in the lotion itself, can help! Ask your tanning expert to recommend a bronzer especially for you!

Some information from this article is from,, and

Look Lovely this Valentine’s Day


Valentine’s Day is just around the corner. Whether you’re celebrating with a special someone or treating yourself to a night of pampering, we’ve found some great ideas for getting gorgeous and glam!

Decadent Facial Masks

Facial masks are a popular way to prep before you primp, or to just make yourself feel revitalized! Try a delicious-smelling homemade facial made of chocolate or strawberries and you won’t have to wait to look and feel great! As always, be sure to spot test any facial on your skin before applying it to your face! (And no matter how good they smell, remember not to eat them!) Masks should stay on for 10-15 minutes before you gently wash them off. Use a gentle, circular motion to remove them, don’t scrub!

Three quick and easy Strawberry Masks

The luscious Chocolate Facial 

Nifty Nails

Now that you’re scrubbed up, time to tackle your nails! You don’t need a pro to make fun and creative designs, you just need a little bit of polish and some time to let them dry!

20 Cute Valentine’s Manicure ideas

14 more great Valentine Manicures

Hair with Flair! 

Spiff up your over all look with a new hairstyle! If you have long hair, soft, cascading waves are great for an alluring look. Short hair is perfectly flirty with a little curl at the ends! Consider the shape of your face and draw the eye to you dazzling smile!

Valentine’s Day Hairstyles

5 Romantic Hairstyles for Valentine’s Day

Kiss and Makeup!

You’ve got your outfit, your hair is done, but are you sure you’re ready to head out the door? Whether you’re going out glammed up to the nines or opting for something a little more natural, take a look at these makeup ideas! Smoldering smoky eyes and rosy lips are always a winning combination!

10 Sexy Color Combinations for Valentine’s Day

Get a Romantic Makeup Look

Repairing Winter Skin Damage



Between the freezing temperatures and the fierce winds, your skin is probably feeling itchy, dry and sensitive. You may even have dry cuticles and scalp, which can keep you from feeling like you’re looking your best. Let’s take a look at some ideas for repairing the effects of winter.

1. Oil can be OK!

During the summer months especially, oil-based skin products get the side-eye from most of us – especially those who live in fear of triggering a breakout of blemishes! When winter comes around, it strips out vital moisture from your skin, and some oil-based products could be just what you need to get that healthy glow back! Look for lotions that will not clog your pores. Shea oil (sometimes called shea butter) is a popular choice for many people, but it can block your pores up. Instead, look for non-clogging formulas that use ingredients such as avocado oil, primrose oil, almond oil or even mineral oil.

If you have naturally oily skin, you may not want to add an oil-based product to it. Instead, look for light, oil-free moisturizing products!

2. Keep Moisturizer Handy!

Sure, moisturizing lotion is important for your whole body, but it’s especially vital for your hands. Your hands have thinner skin and fewer oil glands than the skin on the rest of your body. This means that your hands are prone to moisture loss and dryness. You can help prevent over-drying by wearing a pair of light cotton gloves. Keep a bottle of moisturizing lotion handy for touching up chapped skin. As an additional note, if your lotion smells nice but you find yourself needing to re-apply it often, consider upgrading to a product that favors functionality over fragrance.

3. Water Way to Go!

Water is important, both inside and outside of your body. Drink plenty of water, and keep a humidifier going in the rooms you spend time in while at home. A cool air humidifier will help your skin without growing mold like warm air humidifiers can. Hot baths may feel great when it’s cold out, but they can also contribute to dry skin. Use a gentle moisturizing soap and opt for warm water and short showers instead of long, hot soaks in the tub.

4. Be Patient, Pace Exfoliation

Dry skin is damaged skin. While it’s tempting to go after rough spots with a loofah and a tube of body polish, remember that you don’t want to make the problem worse for your skin in the long run. Use a gentle exfoliating formula to lift away dry, dead skin cells. Stay away from formulas that include pumice or other abrasive ingredients, and remember to wash your face with your hands instead of scrubbing at it with a cloth.  Dab on a light, protective layer of facial moisturizing lotion with SPF, and you’re ready to face the day! A light exfoliation will help eliminate dead skin and help you absorb lotion and moisture better, but it’s important not to overdo it. Once a week at the most should be enough to keep your skin soft without irritation.

Some information from this article is reproduced from WebMD

Nailed it!



Are you happy with how your nails look? Are they dry? Brittle? Let’s look at how you can beautify and strengthen your nails at home and when you tan!

Go Nude!

If you use acrylic nail treatments, or keep your nails covered in thick layers of polish that you remove with acetone or other strong polish removers, you may be stripping vital moisture out of your nails. Keeping your nails painted all the time can be bad on it’s own. Give your nails time to recuperate between polish applications. Use a milder, gentler remover that is acetone free to remove polish. Wash your hands and apply a moisturizer or natural oils to revitalize your cuticles. Skipping your weekly nail treatments at the salon for a while will allow your nails to breathe and recover.

Wear Protection!

Exposure to lots of water can also be bad for nail strength, as it leaves your nails soft and weak. Wear rubber gloves when you do dishes, and you’ll prevent this from happening. Wear gloves in the winter to protect your hands and fingernails, and wear work gloves when you are doing yard work. You should notice fewer breaks, and greater nail strength. You may want to wear Nail Savers protective tips to protect your manicure from excessive UV light during tanning, as well.

Cut it Out!

If you’re trying to improve your nails, trim them down a bit. Reducing the “bad” part of the nail will make it less likely that brittle nails will crack or break. Remember, only file your nails in one direction to avoid developing splits in your nails. Avoid metal boards, and use the finer filing side. You should also consider buying a four-sided buffer, and gently buffing the surface of your nails. This doesn’t just make them shiny without polish, it encourages circulation and will help your nail health!

Get a Boost!

Your nails are also affected by what you eat. If you know your diet is balanced and healthy, but your nails are still weak, look for a high-quality vitamin supplement for hair, skin, and nails. This supplement will probably contain vitamins A, C, D, E and a spectrum of B vitamins. Increasing your intake of omega 3 oils can also have a positive impact on the health of your fingernails. Eating gelatin has been noted as a good way to improve nails, as well as whole grains, soy, rice, and fresh produce. Eating more foods with calcium and zinc can also give your nails a boost.

Be Nail Health Aware!

If you notice changes in nail color, soreness, or other differences in your typical nail health, consult your doctor as soon as possible. These may be signs of serious problems. Don’t let the manicurist push back your cuticles when you visit the salon. The cuticle is important to the health of your nails, and protects the nail bed from bacteria and infection. Don’t risk it! Avoid biting your nails, and don’t use your nails as tools. You could accidentally tear your nail away from the nail bed, or tear into live tissue underneath them.



What’s Your Type?












Why is knowing your skin type important?






Tanning works differently for different skin types, therefore it’s very important to understand what skin type you have and how it will affect your attempts to tan.

These differences between skin types are hereditary and can’t be changed. However, acknowledging these limits and working with them will significantly reduce your risk of sun burn. In this post, we will be using the Fitzpatrick Skin Typing Test.


Fitzpatrick Skin Typing Test



The Fitzpatrick Skin Type is a skin classification system developed by Thomas Fitzpatrick, MD, of Harvard Medical School. In order to determine your Fitzpatrick Skin Type, our quiz measures two components (genetic disposition and reaction to sun exposure). Types range from very fair (Type 1) to very dark (Type 5).

This skin type test is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Regardless of skin type, you should always carefully monitor your UV exposure, and wear sunscreen when you’re outdoors. A yearly checkup for your skin with a dermatologist is always advised to ensure you are keeping your skin healthy! Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a your skin.


Genetic Makeup:

Your eye color is:

Light blue, light gray or light green = 0

Blue, gray or green = 1

Hazel or light brown = 2 

Dark brown = 3

Brownish black = 4

Your natural hair color is:

Red or light blonde = 0

Blonde = 1

Dark blonde or light brown = 2

Dark brown = 3

Black = 4

Your natural skin color (before sun exposure) is:

Ivory white = 0

Fair or pale = 1

Fair to beige, with golden undertone = 2

Olive or light brown = 3

Dark brown or black = 4

How many freckles do you have on unexposed areas of your skin?

Many = 0

Several = 1

A few = 2

Very few = 3

None = 4

Total score for genetic disposition: _______

Reaction to sun exposure:

How does your skin respond to the sun?

Always burns, blisters and peels = 0

Often burns, blisters and peels = 1

Burns moderately = 2

Burns rarely, if at all = 3

Never burns = 4
Does your skin tan?

Never — I always burn = 0

Seldom = 1

Sometimes = 2

Often = 3

Always = 4

How deeply do you tan?

Not at all or very little = 0

Lightly = 1

Moderately = 2

Deeply = 3

My skin is naturally dark = 4

How sensitive is your face to the sun?

Very sensitive = 0

Sensitive = 1

Normal = 2

Resistant = 3

Very resistant/Never had a problem = 4

Total score for reaction to sun exposure: _______

Add up your genetic disposition and sun exposure totals: ___________________


Typing evaluation 



Type 1: Score of 0 -7

Extremely fair-skinned, burns instead of tanning
You are extremely susceptible to UV radiation. A sunless tan is probably your best option to get some color. Be sure to wear a broad-spectrum sunscreen when you go outside!

Type 2: Score of 8 – 16

Fair skin, always burns, and tans minimally.
You are susceptible to skin damage from over-exposure to UV light. Exposure should be kept to a minimum, so use short sessions if you tan indoors or out and invest in some extenders to keep the color you gain longer.

Type 3: Score of 17 – 25

Medium skin, burns slightly, tans gradually to light brown.
You are less susceptible to skin damage, but should still monitor your UV exposure carefully. Keep skin hydrated with tan-extending moisturizers.

Type 4: Score of 26 – 30

Olive skin, burns minimally, tans to moderately brown.
You are at moderate risk for skin problems. Be mindful of the time you spend under UV light and keep your skin hydrated.

Type 5: Score of 30+

Dark brown skin, tans deeply and rarely or never burns.
Least sensitive to the UV light. However, everybody has some risk.